Chickens (Gallus domesticus) area unit domestic birds that can’t fly. There area unit over one hundred fifty totally different breeds of chicken that are available in numerous colors, patterns and sizes. The chicken is believed to own descended from the wild Indian and south-east Asian Red Junglefowl that is biologically classified because the same species.
With a population of quite twenty four billion in 2003, there area unit additional chickens within the world than the other bird. Chickens offer 2 sources of food oftentimes consumed by humans: their meat, additionally referred to as chicken, and eggs that they lay.
Chickens have a good utility to humans. Chickens will be unbroken as pets, for breeding, giving birth and a food. There area unit many alternative breeds that are available in a spread of colors.
A feminine chicken is termed a ‘hen’.
A male chicken is termed a ‘rooster’.
Young chickens area unit known as ‘chicks’ or ‘poults’.
A group of chickens is termed a ‘flock’.
Roosters will typically be differentiated from hens by their putting plume, marked by long flowing tails and bright pointed feathers on their necks. The Gallus gallus is larger and additional brilliantly colored than the hen, he additionally contains a larger comb on high of his head.
Roosters create terribly|a really|a awfully} loud crowing sound typically very early within the morning howeverthey’ll crow anytime of the day. Their loud shrill could be a territorial sign to different roosters. they’ll even be quite aggressive birds. Hens lay eggs that place color from white to pale brown and different pale colors looking on the breed.
Chickens have a varied diet. Chickens area unit omnivores and can prey on tiny seeds, herbs and leaves, grubs, insects and even tiny mammals like mice, if they’ll catch them. Domestic chickens area unit generally fed commercially ready feed that features a supermolecule supply also as grains. Chickens typically scratch at the soil to urge at adult insects and fauna or seed. Chickens have a well-developed pocket (a a part of the abdomen that contains little stones) that grinds up their food.
Although chickens area unit wingless birds, they are doing have a bent to try flight. Chickens do that by runing and fluttering their wings. sadly, they’re unable of staying air bourne. Chickens typically will fly for terribly short distances like over fences. Chickens can typically try flight merely to explore their surroundings, however, they’llparticularly fly in a trial to escape once they understand danger or pursued by a predator.
Chickens area unit gregarious birds and live along as a flock. Chickens have a communal approach to the incubation of eggs and raising of young. Individual chickens in an exceedingly flock can dominate others, establishing a ‘pecking order’, with dominant people having priority for access to food and nesting locations. Removing hens or roosters from a flock causes a brief disruption to the present social order till a replacementladder is established.