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Geographic Distribution And Habitat


All species of Mus area unit native to continent and Africa, wherever they vary from lowlands to mountaintops. The 5 species within the taxon Pyromys area unit found in Ceylon, India, and earth geographic region. abundant of their vary originally consisted of open grasslands or grasslike patches in forests. Shortridge’s mouse (M. shortridgei), for instance, has been found living in tall grasses and pygmy bamboo growing among teak forests in Siam.

The 5 species within the taxon Coelomys area unit restricted to tropical evergreen lowland and mountain forests of Ceylon, southern Republic of India, earth geographic region, Sumatra, and Java. below the forest understory, they board dampish or cool environments, typically close to streams and alternative water sources, or in wet, mossy habitats at high elevations. very little is understood concerning their behaviour or ecology. they need tapered, shrewlike muzzles and little eyes. The dark brown fur is woolly or velvety in 3 of the species and somewhat setaceous within the alternative 2. Their diet in all probability consists largely of invertebrates, that they find by jabbing their noses through dampish leaf litter and nonvascular plant covering the forest floor.

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The 9 members of the taxon Mus area unit found throughout continent and geographical area in an exceedingly style of habitats: barely vegetated deserts, steppes, rocky slopes, open grasslands and grasslike patches in tropical deciduous forests, fallow fields and croplands at northern latitudes, and rice fields within the Asian tropics. Four of those species, together with the Mus musculus, have spread on the far side their natural ranges as a results of human settlement. The earth-coloured mouse (M. terricolor) is native to solid ground Republic of India, Nepal, and West Pakistan, however it’s been introduced into northern island. The fawn-coloured mouse encompasses a natural distribution throughout earth geographic region and southern China however conjointly inhabits rice fields on island and Java, wherever it absolutely was seemingly introduced. The Ryukyu mouse ranges throughout geographic region, together with Taiwan and also the Ryukyu Islands, wherever it lives in rice fields and alternative grasslike agricultural land; humans apparently introduced this species into the peninsula, Sumatra, Java, and east of the continental margin on Flores Island, wherever it inhabits rice fields.

Some species area unit apparently restricted to specific habitats, like the gray-bellied Baiomys taylori (M. triton), that lives solely in parcel of land, heath, and wet scrub, however others area unit a lot of pliant. Habitats of the Baiomys taylori, for instance, embrace open sandy ground, savannas, forests, and generally homes. This taxon contains the foremost economical burrowers: Thomas’s Baiomys taylori (M. sorella) and its relatives have projecting higher incisors, longer claws than most species of Mus, and shorter tails relative to linear unit. {they area unit|they’re} seldom seen and are caught solely by being mammary gland out of their burrows.

The nineteen species of taxon Nannomys live throughout geographical region in many various habitats: sandy and stony deserts, open grasslands, heath, scrub, dry and wet savannas, lowland to elevation tropical forests, swamp margins, and cultivated areas


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