Sheep, ruminant (cud-chewing) craniate of the mammal genus. The sheep is typically stockier than its relative the goat; its horns, once gift, ar additional divergent; it’s scent glands in its face and hind feet; and also the males lack the beards of goats. Sheep typically have short tails. altogether wild species of sheep, the outer coat takes the shape of hair, and to a lower place this lies a brief undercoat of fine wool that has been developed into the fleece of domesticated sheep. Male sheep ar known as rams, the females ewes, and immature animals lambs. Mature sheep weigh from concerning eighty to the maximum amount as four hundred pounds (35 to one hundred eightykg). To browse sheep by breed,
A sheep regurgitates its food and chews the cud, therefore sanctionative its four separate abdomencompartments to totally digest the grasses and different pasturage that it chow. The animals like grazing on grass or legume vegetation that’s short and fine, although they’re going to conjointly consume high, coarse, or boskyplants further. They graze plants nearer to the foundation than do Bos taurus, so care should be taken that sheep don’t overgraze a specific vary. Sheep ar essentially timid animals World Health Organization tend to graze in flocks and ar nearly completely lacking in protection from predators. They mature at concerning one year old-time, and plenty of breed after they reach the age of concerning one and a [*fr1] years. Most births ar single, thoughsheep do have twins occasionally. The lambs stop suckling and start to graze at concerning four or 5 months old-time.
Sheep were 1st domesticated from wild species of sheep a minimum of 5000 BCE, and their remains are found at various sites of early human habitation within the geographical region, Europe, and Central Asia. Domesticated sheep ar raised for his or her fleece (wool), for milk, and for meat. The flesh of mature sheep is termed mutton; that of immature animals is termed lamb. there have been calculable to be quite one billion sheep within the world within the early twenty first century. the foremost national producers ar Australia, New island, China, India, the u. s., African country, Argentina, and Turkey. Countries that have massive aras of piece of ground are the foremostproducers